General

General

  • Diabetes and Nutrition Diabetes and Nutrition

    Posted on by Anabelle Savion

     


    Diabetes is a disease characterized by high blood sugar level in blood, but cholesterol level is also commonly elevated, along with disturbances in protein metabolism. The reason for high blood sugar level is due to a deficit of insulin. Therefore the sugars fail to enter the cells and storage depots (like liver and fat cells). 

    Many individuals who have diabetes are overweight, but not all. Thus one single diet would not work for everyone.

     

    Count your carbs

    Dietary planning has never been an easy task in diabetes and is best done with the help of a qualified dietitian, as every person has different needs. In Caucasians, the majority of those who have diabetes are either overweight or obese, but for other ethnic groups, things are entirely different.

    There are certain principles in diet planning that work for most people. Two relevant terms that have to be understood are glycemic index and glycemic load. Everyone knows that in diabetes simple sugars must be avoided and one should consume complex carbohydrates. Reason for it being that simple sugars get absorbed very quickly resulting in sugar spikes, meaning they have high glycemic index. Complex carbs are foods with low glycemic index; these are food products in which sugars are digested and broken at a slow pace. Consequently, the body has time to absorb and utilize them, an example of a fruit with low glycemic index is apple. You can find more about foods that are low in the glycemic index here.

    Knowing the glycemic index would not help unless a person understands another concept called glycemic load. It indicates the amount of sugar in a product. Some products may have fast absorbing sugars in low quantity thus being safe (low glycemic load). Just think about a small piece of watermelon which is high in water content with a small amount of fast absorbing sugars (thus it has a high glycemic index but very low glycemic load and is safe to consume in diabetes in right quantity).

    Therefore, when taking any food, you have to multiply glycemic index with the glycemic load. Simply stated, limit the carbs and calories, do not eat fast absorbing carbs too much, take the carbs wisely (distributed in smaller sizes during the day).

    The good food

    Diabetes is about being careful about carbs and calories, but a proper diet is much more than carbs. A balanced diet must be rich in good fats (monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats). Some of the excellent sources of such good fats are almonds, avocados, walnuts, canola, olives and olive oil, and fatty fish.

    Omega-3 fatty acids (walnuts and fatty fish being the rich source) are worth mentioning, as they are good for blood vessels, brain, heart, and skin.

    A fiber-rich diet is another way to improve your skin, heart and general health. Include lots of fresh fruits and vegetables, nuts, and whole grains in food.

    Finally, limit the trans fats, saturated fats, and sodium intake in the diet, and keep hydrated by increasing fluid intake.

    10 tips for eating well with diabetes

    1. Always eat at a fixed time: this is especially true if you are on insulin, this helps to titrate the dose of insulin better, and avoid too much variance in sugar levels.
    2. Eat slow absorbing carbs: like oatmeal or muesli.
    3. Cut on fats: use virgin olive oil, drink low-fat milk, bake the food rather than frying.
    4. Eat five times a day: instead of eating heavy food twice or thrice daily, better divide it into five portions.
    5. Eat beans: lentils, baked beans, chickpeas, are rich in fiber and do not raise blood glucose much.
    6. Eat fish regularly.
    7. Avoid sugar: avoid any sugary drinks, use sweetener in tea or coffee.
    8. Cut down on salt: it raises blood pressure and increases the risk of heart disease, high salt intake is also harmful to your kidneys.
    9. Drink sensibly: drink alcohol in limits, and avoid having alcohol more often than once a week.
    10. Finally, remember that most diabetes foods don’t help. They are expensive and yet with unproven benefit. Thus learn more about the foods that are safe with diabetes and plan.

       

       


      Diabetes is a disease characterized by high blood sugar level in blood, but cholesterol level is also commonly elevated, along with disturbances in protein metabolism. The reason for high blood sugar level is due to a deficit of insulin. Therefore the sugars fail to enter the cells and storage depots (like liver and fat cells). 

      Many individuals who have diabetes are overweight, but not all. Thus one single diet would not work for everyone.

       

      Count your carbs

      Dietary planning has never been an easy task in diabetes and is best done with the help of a qualified dietitian, as every person has different needs. In Caucasians, the majority of those who have diabetes are either overweight or obese, but for other ethnic groups, things are entirely different.

      There are certain principles in diet planning that work for most people. Two relevant terms that have to be understood are glycemic index and glycemic load. Everyone knows that in diabetes simple sugars must be avoided and one should consume complex carbohydrates. Reason for it being that simple sugars get absorbed very quickly resulting in sugar spikes, meaning they have high glycemic index. Complex carbs are foods with low glycemic index; these are food products in which sugars are digested and broken at a slow pace. Consequently, the body has time to absorb and utilize them, an example of a fruit with low glycemic index is apple. You can find more about foods that are low in the glycemic index here.

      Knowing the glycemic index would not help unless a person understands another concept called glycemic load. It indicates the amount of sugar in a product. Some products may have fast absorbing sugars in low quantity thus being safe (low glycemic load). Just think about a small piece of watermelon which is high in water content with a small amount of fast absorbing sugars (thus it has a high glycemic index but very low glycemic load and is safe to consume in diabetes in right quantity).

      Therefore, when taking any food, you have to multiply glycemic index with the glycemic load. Simply stated, limit the carbs and calories, do not eat fast absorbing carbs too much, take the carbs wisely (distributed in smaller sizes during the day).

      The good food

      Diabetes is about being careful about carbs and calories, but a proper diet is much more than carbs. A balanced diet must be rich in good fats (monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats). Some of the excellent sources of such good fats are almonds, avocados, walnuts, canola, olives and olive oil, and fatty fish.

      Omega-3 fatty acids (walnuts and fatty fish being the rich source) are worth mentioning, as they are good for blood vessels, brain, heart, and skin.

      A fiber-rich diet is another way to improve your skin, heart and general health. Include lots of fresh fruits and vegetables, nuts, and whole grains in food.

      Finally, limit the trans fats, saturated fats, and sodium intake in the diet, and keep hydrated by increasing fluid intake.

      10 tips for eating well with diabetes

      1. Always eat at a fixed time: this is especially true if you are on insulin, this helps to titrate the dose of insulin better, and avoid too much variance in sugar levels.
      2. Eat slow absorbing carbs: like oatmeal or muesli.
      3. Cut on fats: use virgin olive oil, drink low-fat milk, bake the food rather than frying.
      4. Eat five times a day: instead of eating heavy food twice or thrice daily, better divide it into five portions.
      5. Eat beans: lentils, baked beans, chickpeas, are rich in fiber and do not raise blood glucose much.
      6. Eat fish regularly.
      7. Avoid sugar: avoid any sugary drinks, use sweetener in tea or coffee.
      8. Cut down on salt: it raises blood pressure and increases the risk of heart disease, high salt intake is also harmful to your kidneys.
      9. Drink sensibly: drink alcohol in limits, and avoid having alcohol more often than once a week.
      10. Finally, remember that most diabetes foods don’t help. They are expensive and yet with unproven benefit. Thus learn more about the foods that are safe with diabetes and plan.

         

        Read more

      1. Diabetes and Prevention Diabetes and Prevention

        Posted on by Anabelle Savion

         diabetes prevention


        Diabetes is a heterogeneous chronic metabolic disorder that is characterized by elevated blood sugar levels, along with metabolic disturbances of all fuel providing compounds. All this happens either due to insulin resistance or deficit.  Disturbances of fat and protein metabolism in diabetes are as frequent as disturbances of glucose metabolism.

        Causes of diabetes are not fully understood. The family history of diabetes or genetics is a predisposing factor, but specific environmental factors like obesity, sedentary lifestyle and wrong kind of diet serve as triggering factors.

        Type 1 diabetes is a chronic autoimmune condition and is difficult to prevent. However preventing type 2 diabetes is possible with dietary and lifestyle changes.

        What happens in diabetes?

        Insulin is a hormone that is required by our body for energy generation and anabolic processes. In the deficit of insulin, our body cells are not able to properly use glucose for their energy needs; glucose fails to enter the muscles, liver and other cells of the body. In insulin deficit, all the construction processes in body slow down.

        Elevated glucose and disturbances of fat metabolism are harmful to the blood vessels. Thus diabetes is characterized by so-called macro and microvascular diseases. It is seen as damage to kidneys, eyesight, heart disease, increase in cases of stroke, neuropathies (damaged nerves), slower healing of wounds.

        Skin is one organ which becomes susceptible to infections. Due to a loss of sensation of limbs, chances of injury to extremities are elevated. Once injured, owing to neuropathies, inadequate blood supply, and persistent infections, healing process becomes painfully slow. In some individual’s chronic ulcers of limbs persist for months or even years. Infection of lower limbs is one of the leading non-traumatic causes of amputations.

        Preventing diabetes

        Diabetes is primarily a disease of lifestyle. Thus one of the most effective ways to stop this disorder is weight loss, dietary measures, and regular exercise.

        Weight loss: modern research shows that even 5-10% reduction in body weight (in obese people), may reduce the risk of developing diabetes by several times.

        Dietary measures: cutting back on refined carbs and sugary drinks will help maintain stable blood sugar levels and reduce the risk for diabetes. A registered dietitian (RD) or certified diabetes educator (CDE) can help create meal plans. The goal of the meal plan is to control blood glucose level and keep it in the healthy, normal range. 

        Regular exercise: a sedentary lifestyle has often been named are the number one killer of the 21st century. There is increasing evidence that sedentary lifestyle is causing more diseases than all other factors. Diabetes prevention studies carried out in the US, Europe, and Asian nations have shown that 150 minutes of aerobic exercise a week decreases the risk of developing diabetes by 50-70%. The minimum recommendation is of exercising at least 30 minutes five times a week.

         

        Skincare in diabetes

        Skin diseases in diabetes occur due to peripheral neuropathy causing loss of sensation, autonomic neuropathy leading to the dry and flaky skin, and inadequate blood supply due to diseased blood vessels. In diabetes, even a small scratch may get infected, because of elevated blood glucose level and slow down of the healing process, skin infections and ulcers are challenging to cure.

        Individuals living with diabetes have to take better care of their skin. It is recommended that people who have diabetes should check their feet on a daily basis, and should pay particular attention to the skincare, by regularly using hydrating agents along with anti-infective properties. Non-chemical based, natural creams and lotions may be especially beneficial in prevention and treatment of skin problems.

        Thus to prevent dry and cracked skin, it is highly recommended that a person uses moisturizer on a daily basis, not just any moisturizer, but one with anti-inflammatory and anti-microbial properties that can prevent the infection, help in healing the damage that has already occurred and can prevent or treat inflammation and swelling. Products based on natural ingredients are preferred as they are less irritating to skin on regular use.

         

         

         

         diabetes prevention


        Diabetes is a heterogeneous chronic metabolic disorder that is characterized by elevated blood sugar levels, along with metabolic disturbances of all fuel providing compounds. All this happens either due to insulin resistance or deficit.  Disturbances of fat and protein metabolism in diabetes are as frequent as disturbances of glucose metabolism.

        Causes of diabetes are not fully understood. The family history of diabetes or genetics is a predisposing factor, but specific environmental factors like obesity, sedentary lifestyle and wrong kind of diet serve as triggering factors.

        Type 1 diabetes is a chronic autoimmune condition and is difficult to prevent. However preventing type 2 diabetes is possible with dietary and lifestyle changes.

        What happens in diabetes?

        Insulin is a hormone that is required by our body for energy generation and anabolic processes. In the deficit of insulin, our body cells are not able to properly use glucose for their energy needs; glucose fails to enter the muscles, liver and other cells of the body. In insulin deficit, all the construction processes in body slow down.

        Elevated glucose and disturbances of fat metabolism are harmful to the blood vessels. Thus diabetes is characterized by so-called macro and microvascular diseases. It is seen as damage to kidneys, eyesight, heart disease, increase in cases of stroke, neuropathies (damaged nerves), slower healing of wounds.

        Skin is one organ which becomes susceptible to infections. Due to a loss of sensation of limbs, chances of injury to extremities are elevated. Once injured, owing to neuropathies, inadequate blood supply, and persistent infections, healing process becomes painfully slow. In some individual’s chronic ulcers of limbs persist for months or even years. Infection of lower limbs is one of the leading non-traumatic causes of amputations.

        Preventing diabetes

        Diabetes is primarily a disease of lifestyle. Thus one of the most effective ways to stop this disorder is weight loss, dietary measures, and regular exercise.

        Weight loss: modern research shows that even 5-10% reduction in body weight (in obese people), may reduce the risk of developing diabetes by several times.

        Dietary measures: cutting back on refined carbs and sugary drinks will help maintain stable blood sugar levels and reduce the risk for diabetes. A registered dietitian (RD) or certified diabetes educator (CDE) can help create meal plans. The goal of the meal plan is to control blood glucose level and keep it in the healthy, normal range. 

        Regular exercise: a sedentary lifestyle has often been named are the number one killer of the 21st century. There is increasing evidence that sedentary lifestyle is causing more diseases than all other factors. Diabetes prevention studies carried out in the US, Europe, and Asian nations have shown that 150 minutes of aerobic exercise a week decreases the risk of developing diabetes by 50-70%. The minimum recommendation is of exercising at least 30 minutes five times a week.

         

        Skincare in diabetes

        Skin diseases in diabetes occur due to peripheral neuropathy causing loss of sensation, autonomic neuropathy leading to the dry and flaky skin, and inadequate blood supply due to diseased blood vessels. In diabetes, even a small scratch may get infected, because of elevated blood glucose level and slow down of the healing process, skin infections and ulcers are challenging to cure.

        Individuals living with diabetes have to take better care of their skin. It is recommended that people who have diabetes should check their feet on a daily basis, and should pay particular attention to the skincare, by regularly using hydrating agents along with anti-infective properties. Non-chemical based, natural creams and lotions may be especially beneficial in prevention and treatment of skin problems.

        Thus to prevent dry and cracked skin, it is highly recommended that a person uses moisturizer on a daily basis, not just any moisturizer, but one with anti-inflammatory and anti-microbial properties that can prevent the infection, help in healing the damage that has already occurred and can prevent or treat inflammation and swelling. Products based on natural ingredients are preferred as they are less irritating to skin on regular use.

         

         

         

        Read more

      2. Plant-Based Remedies for Common Skin Conditions Plant-Based Remedies for Common Skin Conditions

        Posted on by Anabelle Savion

        Plant-based remedies have gained popularity in treating skin conditions since the last couple of years. The major reason behind their popularity is that they never cause any side effects or dangerous and disappointing results. Let’s take a look at some of the most common plants that are used to treat various skin conditions.

        Inula Viscosa

        Inula Viscosa is known as ‘King of Medicinal plants’ and can be used to treat various health issues including skin conditions. It’s strong antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antiulcer, and anti-microbial properties render it useful in treating common skin conditions like eczema, shingles, wounds, and molluscum contagiosum. Apart from this, it increases blood circulation to the skin naturally. 

        Aloe Vera

        Aloe vera has been recognized as a plant with special healing abilities. It is used in its pure form to soften and moisturize the skin and the gel found in it has been used for centuries to heal wounds as well as relieve pain. It has been successful in treating skin conditions like eczema and psoriasis.The two hormones in Aloe Vera, Gibberellins and Auxin have anti-inflammatory and healing powers that allow it to be useful for treating chronic skin conditions like psoriasis, acne, and eczema.

        Willow Bark

        Willow bark is regarded as the natural skincare powerhouse due to its anti-microbial, anti-fungal, anti-inflammatory and exfoliating properties. The strong astringent properties make it an effective additive in treating skin conditions like acne and eczema. It also controls the sebum production of the skin and unclogs it to provide a flawless radiant skin.

         

        Bisabolol / Chamomile 

        It effectively improves wound healing and treats skin conditions like eczema and psoriasis due to its antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties.Moreover, its hypoallergenic properties neutralize the free radicals to minimize skin irritants.

        Plant-based remedies can be used to alleviate skin conditions without any toxic chemicals. For more information on how you can use plants to treat your skin naturally, contact us at info@lavior.com.

         

         

         

        References

        http://www.huffingtonpost.com/dr-rock-positano/the-best-herbal-remedies-_b_78088.html

        https://itchybabyco.com.au/how-does-colloidal-oatmeal-help-treat-eczema-the-research-behind-it/

        https://www.astridanaturals.com/white-willow-bark-extract

         

        Plant-based remedies have gained popularity in treating skin conditions since the last couple of years. The major reason behind their popularity is that they never cause any side effects or dangerous and disappointing results. Let’s take a look at some of the most common plants that are used to treat various skin conditions.

        Inula Viscosa

        Inula Viscosa is known as ‘King of Medicinal plants’ and can be used to treat various health issues including skin conditions. It’s strong antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antiulcer, and anti-microbial properties render it useful in treating common skin conditions like eczema, shingles, wounds, and molluscum contagiosum. Apart from this, it increases blood circulation to the skin naturally. 

        Aloe Vera

        Aloe vera has been recognized as a plant with special healing abilities. It is used in its pure form to soften and moisturize the skin and the gel found in it has been used for centuries to heal wounds as well as relieve pain. It has been successful in treating skin conditions like eczema and psoriasis.The two hormones in Aloe Vera, Gibberellins and Auxin have anti-inflammatory and healing powers that allow it to be useful for treating chronic skin conditions like psoriasis, acne, and eczema.

        Willow Bark

        Willow bark is regarded as the natural skincare powerhouse due to its anti-microbial, anti-fungal, anti-inflammatory and exfoliating properties. The strong astringent properties make it an effective additive in treating skin conditions like acne and eczema. It also controls the sebum production of the skin and unclogs it to provide a flawless radiant skin.

         

        Bisabolol / Chamomile 

        It effectively improves wound healing and treats skin conditions like eczema and psoriasis due to its antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties.Moreover, its hypoallergenic properties neutralize the free radicals to minimize skin irritants.

        Plant-based remedies can be used to alleviate skin conditions without any toxic chemicals. For more information on how you can use plants to treat your skin naturally, contact us at info@lavior.com.

         

         

         

        References

        http://www.huffingtonpost.com/dr-rock-positano/the-best-herbal-remedies-_b_78088.html

        https://itchybabyco.com.au/how-does-colloidal-oatmeal-help-treat-eczema-the-research-behind-it/

        https://www.astridanaturals.com/white-willow-bark-extract

         

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      3. Diabetic Wounds and The Challenge of Biofilm Diabetic Wounds and The Challenge of Biofilm

        Posted on by Anabelle Savion

         

        Photo Credit: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biofilm


        Diabetes is a chronic metabolic disorder characterized by increased blood glucose level. It is a pandemic and is rising. Diabetes is the underlying cause of numerous diseases. Many people are diagnosed with diabetes due to the chronic non-healing wounds. Treating such wounds and ulcers have long remained a challenge for the medical community, as various infective agents flourish in these wounds due to high sugar levels, and poor blood supply because of vasculopathy.

        In recent years science has demystified many other mechanisms that make infections in diabetics so resistant to antibiotics and healing. One such mechanism that has been discovered is the formation of biofilm. Simply stated, certain bacteria colonize the wound and form a film like structure that makes these pathogens highly resistant to the antibiotics.

        The biofilm may be formed of even several types of bacteria living and flourishing in symbiosis with each other, providing the strength to the community of bacteria 1. Formation of this biofilm is quite common in diabetic wounds and ulcers, it has been found in as many as half of all the cases. This biofilm is made up of various bacterial families, from gram negative to gram positive, in fact, many of them reside in our skin during normal condition but become highly aggressive when they become part of the biofilm community. Many of these bacteria develop resistance to multiple antibiotics 2.

        Biofilm forming infections develop slowly over the time and they are highly resistant to immunity and antibiotics. There is a research that says that such bacterial community may be up to 1000 times more resistant to antibiotics as compared to the infections that do not form a biofilm 3.

        So naturally, the strategy for curing theses non-healing wounds would be to break this colony of bacteria. As the research has shown that doctors are able to heal almost all wounds within four weeks in the absence of biofilm. In one experiment doctors tried to heal the wounds with biofilm in four weeks and failure rate was 100%. But after breaking the biofilm they were able to treat two-third cases in four weeks and rest of the cases in six weeks, thus resulting in 100% cure-rate 4.

        One of the good natural sources that are capable of breaking this resistant biofilm and making it sensitive to the action of antibiotics and various treatments is an extract of Mediterranean herb called Inula Viscosa. It is part of a range of products for wound care from the company Lavior. This herb has been used in traditional medicine of various Mediterranean countries for wound healing since the time unknown. It contains flavonoids and many other chemicals that break this biofilm, decrease inflammation and accelerate the healing of wound both through direct action and by making these tough bacteria colonies sensitive to antibiotics 5.

        References

        1. Dowd SE, Wolcott RD, Sun Y, McKeehan T, Smith E, Rhoads D. Polymicrobial Nature of Chronic Diabetic Foot Ulcer Biofilm Infections Determined Using Bacterial Tag Encoded FLX Amplicon Pyrosequencing (bTEFAP). PLOS ONE. 2008;3(10):e3326. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0003326.
        2. Banu A, Noorul Hassan MM, Rajkumar J, Srinivasa S. Spectrum of bacteria associated with diabetic foot ulcer and biofilm formation: A prospective study. Australas Med J. 2015;8(9):280-285. doi:10.4066/AMJ.2015.2422.
        3. Neut D, Tijdens-Creusen EJ, Bulstra SK, van der Mei HC, Busscher HJ. Biofilms in chronic diabetic foot ulcers—a study of 2 cases. Acta Orthop. 2011;82(3):383-385. doi:10.3109/17453674.2011.581265.
        4. Zhao G, Usui ML, Underwood RA, et al. Time Course Study of Delayed Wound Healing in a Biofilm-Challenged Diabetic Mouse Model. Wound Repair Regen. 2012;20(3):342-352. doi:10.1111/j.1524-475X.2012.00793.x.
        5. Hernández V, Recio MC, Máñez S, Giner RM, Ríos J-L. Effects of naturally occurring dihydroflavonols from Inula viscosa on inflammation and enzymes involved in the arachidonic acid metabolism. Life Sci. 2007;81(6):480-488. doi:10.1016/j.lfs.2007.06.006.

         

         

         

         

             

         

        Photo Credit: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biofilm


        Diabetes is a chronic metabolic disorder characterized by increased blood glucose level. It is a pandemic and is rising. Diabetes is the underlying cause of numerous diseases. Many people are diagnosed with diabetes due to the chronic non-healing wounds. Treating such wounds and ulcers have long remained a challenge for the medical community, as various infective agents flourish in these wounds due to high sugar levels, and poor blood supply because of vasculopathy.

        In recent years science has demystified many other mechanisms that make infections in diabetics so resistant to antibiotics and healing. One such mechanism that has been discovered is the formation of biofilm. Simply stated, certain bacteria colonize the wound and form a film like structure that makes these pathogens highly resistant to the antibiotics.

        The biofilm may be formed of even several types of bacteria living and flourishing in symbiosis with each other, providing the strength to the community of bacteria 1. Formation of this biofilm is quite common in diabetic wounds and ulcers, it has been found in as many as half of all the cases. This biofilm is made up of various bacterial families, from gram negative to gram positive, in fact, many of them reside in our skin during normal condition but become highly aggressive when they become part of the biofilm community. Many of these bacteria develop resistance to multiple antibiotics 2.

        Biofilm forming infections develop slowly over the time and they are highly resistant to immunity and antibiotics. There is a research that says that such bacterial community may be up to 1000 times more resistant to antibiotics as compared to the infections that do not form a biofilm 3.

        So naturally, the strategy for curing theses non-healing wounds would be to break this colony of bacteria. As the research has shown that doctors are able to heal almost all wounds within four weeks in the absence of biofilm. In one experiment doctors tried to heal the wounds with biofilm in four weeks and failure rate was 100%. But after breaking the biofilm they were able to treat two-third cases in four weeks and rest of the cases in six weeks, thus resulting in 100% cure-rate 4.

        One of the good natural sources that are capable of breaking this resistant biofilm and making it sensitive to the action of antibiotics and various treatments is an extract of Mediterranean herb called Inula Viscosa. It is part of a range of products for wound care from the company Lavior. This herb has been used in traditional medicine of various Mediterranean countries for wound healing since the time unknown. It contains flavonoids and many other chemicals that break this biofilm, decrease inflammation and accelerate the healing of wound both through direct action and by making these tough bacteria colonies sensitive to antibiotics 5.

        References

        1. Dowd SE, Wolcott RD, Sun Y, McKeehan T, Smith E, Rhoads D. Polymicrobial Nature of Chronic Diabetic Foot Ulcer Biofilm Infections Determined Using Bacterial Tag Encoded FLX Amplicon Pyrosequencing (bTEFAP). PLOS ONE. 2008;3(10):e3326. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0003326.
        2. Banu A, Noorul Hassan MM, Rajkumar J, Srinivasa S. Spectrum of bacteria associated with diabetic foot ulcer and biofilm formation: A prospective study. Australas Med J. 2015;8(9):280-285. doi:10.4066/AMJ.2015.2422.
        3. Neut D, Tijdens-Creusen EJ, Bulstra SK, van der Mei HC, Busscher HJ. Biofilms in chronic diabetic foot ulcers—a study of 2 cases. Acta Orthop. 2011;82(3):383-385. doi:10.3109/17453674.2011.581265.
        4. Zhao G, Usui ML, Underwood RA, et al. Time Course Study of Delayed Wound Healing in a Biofilm-Challenged Diabetic Mouse Model. Wound Repair Regen. 2012;20(3):342-352. doi:10.1111/j.1524-475X.2012.00793.x.
        5. Hernández V, Recio MC, Máñez S, Giner RM, Ríos J-L. Effects of naturally occurring dihydroflavonols from Inula viscosa on inflammation and enzymes involved in the arachidonic acid metabolism. Life Sci. 2007;81(6):480-488. doi:10.1016/j.lfs.2007.06.006.

         

         

         

         

             

        Read more

      4. Tips for Preventing Diabetic Foot Ulcers and Wounds Tips for Preventing Diabetic Foot Ulcers and Wounds

        Posted on by Anabelle Savion

                                                      

         

        According to the World Health Organization, 8.5% of the world’s adult population is diabetic and the prevalence is rising. Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disorder of carbohydrate metabolism, that is characterized by elevated blood sugar (hyperglycemia) due to lack of insulin or inability of the body to respond to the available insulin. The persistent elevated blood sugar has deleterious effects (complications) on various body tissue/organs.

        Diabetic foot ulcer is one of the common and serious complications in diabetic patients. The ulceration of the foot, if not treated promptly, may lead to gangrene of the whole foot necessitating amputation. Diabetes Mellitus is the leading cause of non-traumatic foot/leg amputation.

        Narrowing of the blood vessels with reduction in blood supply to the lower extremities, inability to feel pain and pressure sensations due to damage to the peripheral nerves and infections are some of the predisposing factors for diabetic wound.

        Ulcer on the leg and foot significantly affects the quality of life in diabetic patients. Thus, nothing can be more important than prevention. Diabetic wound is largely preventable and some of the prevention tips are as follows:

        Ensure optimal blood sugar control: since most of the complications of diabetes are directly or indirectly due to elevated blood sugar, adequate blood sugar control will help reduce the risk of diabetic ulcer.

        Avoid too loose/tight footwear: when it is too tight, it will exert pressure on the bony prominences and this may lead to ulceration. When it is too loose, your foot can slip out of it and you may step on stones/sharp object. Your footwear should provide adequate cushioning.

        Get your feet inspected daily: You can do this by yourself and allow your family members to assist you. This will ensure that any skin changes such as blisters or cracks can be detected early before a wound develops. Regular foot examination by your physician is also important.

        Ensure extra care while cutting your toe nails, if possible, don’t do it yourself. Diabetes also affects the eye and a poor sight can make you injure yourself while cutting your toe nails.

        Do not smoke or quit smoking: smoking will further compromise blood supply to your feet and prevents healing if a wound should develop.

        Use moisturizers: one of the signs that your foot is at risk of ulceration is dry skin. This is a pointer to inadequate blood supply and dry skin easily get wounded. Moisturize your skin to prevent chapping, especially in cold or windy weather. Don’t put lotions between toes. The extra moisture in this area can cause fungus to grow.

        Treat cuts right away. Wash minor cuts with soap and water and apply antiseptic ointment.

        Avoid harsh ingredients or chemicals and instead choose a mild shampoo and soap.

        LAVIOR has therefore developed natural products, whose efficacies have been clinically proven, regarding prevention and treatment of diabetic ulcers. These products include: M-CARE & D-CARE, and a mild shampoo H-CARE.

        M-CARE is an organic moisturizer that will prevent dry skin and significantly reduce the risk of ulceration or cracks. It is steroid-free and does not provoke allergic reaction. It also has antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties, making it a good preventive agent.

        D-CARE is another product that can serve both preventive and therapeutic functions. It does not contain steroids, it does not provoke allergy, and it soothes the skin, preventing cracks and fissures. It also accelerates wound healing by its anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties.

        H-CARE is a plant based chemical free and non-irritant formula safe for all skin types including diabetics and those with sensitive skin.

         

         

                                                      

         

        According to the World Health Organization, 8.5% of the world’s adult population is diabetic and the prevalence is rising. Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disorder of carbohydrate metabolism, that is characterized by elevated blood sugar (hyperglycemia) due to lack of insulin or inability of the body to respond to the available insulin. The persistent elevated blood sugar has deleterious effects (complications) on various body tissue/organs.

        Diabetic foot ulcer is one of the common and serious complications in diabetic patients. The ulceration of the foot, if not treated promptly, may lead to gangrene of the whole foot necessitating amputation. Diabetes Mellitus is the leading cause of non-traumatic foot/leg amputation.

        Narrowing of the blood vessels with reduction in blood supply to the lower extremities, inability to feel pain and pressure sensations due to damage to the peripheral nerves and infections are some of the predisposing factors for diabetic wound.

        Ulcer on the leg and foot significantly affects the quality of life in diabetic patients. Thus, nothing can be more important than prevention. Diabetic wound is largely preventable and some of the prevention tips are as follows:

        Ensure optimal blood sugar control: since most of the complications of diabetes are directly or indirectly due to elevated blood sugar, adequate blood sugar control will help reduce the risk of diabetic ulcer.

        Avoid too loose/tight footwear: when it is too tight, it will exert pressure on the bony prominences and this may lead to ulceration. When it is too loose, your foot can slip out of it and you may step on stones/sharp object. Your footwear should provide adequate cushioning.

        Get your feet inspected daily: You can do this by yourself and allow your family members to assist you. This will ensure that any skin changes such as blisters or cracks can be detected early before a wound develops. Regular foot examination by your physician is also important.

        Ensure extra care while cutting your toe nails, if possible, don’t do it yourself. Diabetes also affects the eye and a poor sight can make you injure yourself while cutting your toe nails.

        Do not smoke or quit smoking: smoking will further compromise blood supply to your feet and prevents healing if a wound should develop.

        Use moisturizers: one of the signs that your foot is at risk of ulceration is dry skin. This is a pointer to inadequate blood supply and dry skin easily get wounded. Moisturize your skin to prevent chapping, especially in cold or windy weather. Don’t put lotions between toes. The extra moisture in this area can cause fungus to grow.

        Treat cuts right away. Wash minor cuts with soap and water and apply antiseptic ointment.

        Avoid harsh ingredients or chemicals and instead choose a mild shampoo and soap.

        LAVIOR has therefore developed natural products, whose efficacies have been clinically proven, regarding prevention and treatment of diabetic ulcers. These products include: M-CARE & D-CARE, and a mild shampoo H-CARE.

        M-CARE is an organic moisturizer that will prevent dry skin and significantly reduce the risk of ulceration or cracks. It is steroid-free and does not provoke allergic reaction. It also has antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties, making it a good preventive agent.

        D-CARE is another product that can serve both preventive and therapeutic functions. It does not contain steroids, it does not provoke allergy, and it soothes the skin, preventing cracks and fissures. It also accelerates wound healing by its anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties.

        H-CARE is a plant based chemical free and non-irritant formula safe for all skin types including diabetics and those with sensitive skin.

         

         

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